Journal of Diabetes and Metabolic Disorders 2006. 6(0):7-.

EDUCATIONAL INTERVENTION FOCUSING ON HEALTH BELIEF MODEL IN HEALTH BELIEFS, AWARENESS AND BEHAVIOR OF DIABETIC PATIENTS.
Minou Asadzandi, Zahra Farsi, Soheil Najafi Mehri, Ali Akbar Karimizarchi

Abstract


Background: Diabetes is a chronic disease which requires patient participation in treatment process. The outcome of the treatment depends on the patient health belief and the cognition about illness. The aim of this study was to clarify the effect of educational intervention focusing on Health Belief Model in health beliefs and awareness of diabetic patients.


Methods: As a clinical trial 64 diabetic patients were selected from 4 hospitals in Tehran in 2006. Patients randomly assigned to two equal number groups, as case and control groups. After determine of education needs using the health belief model, education program were performed in intervention group. Data from each patient was collected by using questionnaire, at the initial visit and two month after education. Parametric and nonparametric tests were used for statistical analysis.


Results: Independent t test didn't show a significant difference between two groups in the HBM's domains before the educational program (p>0.05). After education the same test indicated a significant difference between two groups (p<0.05), except in perceived barriers and perceived benefits domains (p>0.05). In the intervention group awareness from 11 to 15(p<0.0001), perceived susceptibility from 27 to 30 (p<0.05), perceived severity from 20 to 25 (p<0.0001), self efficacy from 19 to 22 (p<0.0001) and self care behaviors from 95 to 117 (p<0.0001) increased.


Conclusion: Educational intervention focusing on changing health beliefs and increasing awareness may be effective in promoting self care behaviors in diabetic patients.


Keywords


Attitude, Awareness, Education, Diabetes, Health Belief Model, Self Care Behavior,

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