Journal of Diabetes and Metabolic Disorders 2004. 3(0):61-.

PREVALENCE OF CARDIOVASCULAR RISK FACTORS IN KNOWN TYPE 2 DIABETIC PATIENTS IN ISFAHAN.
Hasan SAFAEI, Masood AMINI

Abstract


Background: Patients with type 2 diabetes have a higher risk of coronary heart disease and a worse prognosis compared with patients without diabetes. In this study, the prevalence of cardiovascular risk factors have been investigated in type 2 diabetic patients.


Methods: A Cross Sectional study with a target population of known type 2 diabetic subjects was conducted in 2002 in Isfahan. From registered patients, 1150 were selected and evaluated for age, sex, duration of diabetes, BMI, hypertension, lipid profile, proteinuria, fasting blood glucose, HbA1c and smoking using convenience sampling methods.


Results: Mean fasting blood glucose and HbA1 were 165.16 ± 53.4 mg/dl and 9.2± 1.5 percent respectively. The number of women with 3 cardiovascular risk factors was significantly greater than men (50.7% VS 33.5% P<0.001). 19.5% of men and 50.2% of women had high serum cholesterol level (>230 mg/dl). The prevalence of obesity (BMI >30Kg/m2) was 13.6% for men and 30.8% for women. 56.6% were hypertensive and 29.3% had proteinuria (P<0.001).


Conclusion: Cardiovascular risk factors are present in a considerable proportion of studied type 2 diabetic patients. Control of risk factors and life style modifications should be tightly considered in order to decrease the prevalence of IHD in the up - coming years of their life.


Keywords


Cardiovascular disease, risk Factors, Type 2 diabetes,

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