Journal of Diabetes and Metabolic Disorders 2011. 10( ):21-.

The Relationship between perceived social support from family and diabetes control among patients with diabetes type 1 and type 2
Tol A, Baghbanian A, Rahimi A, Shojaeizadeh D, Mohebbi B, Majlessi F

Abstract


Background: perceived social support has a key role in diabetes control. It seems that diabetes control has been related to adoption of self-management behaviors which can be supported by family. The aim of this study was to assess relation between perceived social support from family and diabetes control among type 1 and 2 diabetic patients.
Methods: A cross-sectional study was performed in teaching hospitals affiliated to Tehran University of Medical Sciences during 6 months from May to October 2011. Study sample was 430 (113 type 1 and 317 type 2) diabetic patients who met the inclusion criteria through convenience sampling method. Patient's perceived social support from family was measured by Perceived Social Support from Family scale. Collected data was analyzed by using SPSS software version 11.5. Descriptive statistics were used for all variables. Non-parametric test (Mann-Whitney U and Kruskal-Wallis) was also used if variables had non-normal distributions.
Results: The Mean ± SD score for perceived social support were 13.13± 1.8 and 12.89 ± 2.56 in both type 1 and 2 diabetic patient groups, respectively. Study findings revealed that perceived social support had not significant relation with HbA1C in type 1 diabetic patients (p>0.05), and had significant relation with HbA1C in type 2 diabetic patients (p<0.001). Gender, BMI and marital status variables had significant relation with perceived social support from family and HbA1C in both type 1 and type 2 diabetic patients (p<0.001). Also, variable age in type 2 diabetic patients had significant relation with perceived social support and HbA1C (p=0.05). However, variables of education had not significant relation with perceived social support and HbA1C among type 1 diabetic patients. Disease duration did not show any statistical relation with perceived social support and HbA1C among type1 and 2 diabetes patients.
Conclusion: Perceived social support from family is an important psychosocial factor affecting glycemic control in patients with type 2 diabetes other than patients with type1 diabetes.


Keywords


Perceived social support, Type 1 diabetes, Type 2 diabetes, Glycemic control ,

Full Text:

PDF

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.