Journal of Diabetes and Metabolic Disorders 2011. 10( ):19-.

Evaluation of novel “biopaper” for cell and organ printing application: an in vitro study
Imani R, Hojjati Emami Sh, Sharifi AM, Rahnama Moshtaq P, Baheiraei N, Fakhrzadeh F


Background: Recent advances in tissue engineering strategies have led to the development of the concept of tissue or organ printing-a biomedical application of rapid prototyping technology- that offers an interesting alternative to traditional solid scaffold-based tissue engineering. Biopaper is a bioprocessible biomimetic hydrogel that  is specially designed for the bioprinting process.
Methods: In the present work, four different weight percentage ratios (100:0, 75:25, 50:50, 25:75) of agarose- gelatin blend hydrogels have been studied for the construction of biopaper for bioprinting application. Prepared hydrogels were characterized in terms of gel point temperature, mechanical stability, morphological observation, glucose diffusion, amount of in vitro degradation and cell viability. Tissue fusion study was performed on ChineseHamster Ovary cell aggregates embedded into the hydrogel.
Results: Based on obtained results, sol-gel transition point for samples with quite the same proportion of two components was in the physiological condition range (35-37°C). By adding gelatin content of hydrogels, the Young's modulus decreased about 4.5 times; furthermore, less dense network with larger pores resulted that provided glucose diffusion into hydrogels. Amount of degradation linearly decreased by enhancing agarose part of samples. Evaluation of tissue fusion process on sample of 50:50 demonstrated relative permissiveness  of blend hydrogel with time scale of τcc = 60 h.
Conclusion: Agarose-gelatin blend hydrogel with the same proportion of two components is capable to be used as a biopaper for bioprinting technology.


Tissue engineering, Bio printing, Biopaper, Agarose, Gelatin, Tissue fusion process,

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